Nike Air Max is a line of sneakers produced by Nike, Inc., with the primary mannequin launched in 1987. Air Max sneakers are recognized by their midsoles incorporating versatile urethane pouches crammed with pressurized gasoline, seen from the outside of the shoe and meant to offer cushioning underfoot. Air Max was conceptualized by Tinker Hatfield, who initially labored for Nike designing shops.[1]


The Air Max IV/Air Max 91 (Large Window)

Air Max IV/BW in its unique “Persian Violet” colorway

Because the identify signifies, all Air Max sneakers function a number of translucent pouches of pressurized gasoline embedded within the midsole and visual from the surface of the shoe. Known as “Air models” or “airbags,” their said goal is to offer superior cushioning to conventional foam whereas additionally decreasing weight. The effectiveness of the know-how for this goal is disputed; however, the sneakers get pleasure from constant recognition, particularly amongst sneaker fans and collectors.

The dimensions, design, and variety of air models varies inside the product line; the “retro” Air Max 1 merely contains one small unit beneath the heel, whereas within the up to date Air VaporMax, successfully your entire midsole consists of air models with no standard foam current.

Tradition and vogue[edit]

The road of sneakers is standard amongst many subcultures, for instance hip hop and gabber.[citation needed]

Within the mid-1990s the road, particularly the Air Max 95 mannequin, skilled such a surge of recognition in Japan that it led to a phenomenon generally known as “Air Max looking”. The extraordinarily inflated costs of the sneakers led to a rash of muggings within the normally-peaceful nation whereby Air Max wearers had been attacked and their sneakers had been stolen. Even used sneakers had been in demand, and fakes additionally turned a significant issue.[2]

Air Max 1[edit]

Launched in 1987 as merely the Air Max, the Air Max 1 was the primary shoe ever to make use of Max Air know-how. It was marketed for operating, which might proceed to be the case for brand spanking new Air Max designs till 2018’s Air Max 270. Its higher was composed of nylon and artificial felt, with a leather-based model being launched in 1988. The Air Max 1 continues to get pleasure from important recognition with sneaker fans, with Nike releasing “retro” fashions using each unique and pre-existing exterior designs (“colorways”) regularly.[citation needed]. The Air Max 1 between 2018 and 2019 has been launched as a golf shoe sort referred to as the Air Max 1G.

Air Max Mild[edit]

Launched in 1989 because the Air Max II, the Air Max Mild weighed lower than the unique, achieved by changing the forefoot polyurethane midsole with one made from EVA foam. Re-released in 2007, Nike has continued to launch further colorways.

Air Max 90[edit]

Nike “Kiss My Airs” commercial for the Air Max 90 in Warsaw, Poland, March 2017

Often called the Air Max III till 2000, when it was reissued taking its identify from the 12 months of its launch. The unique colourway of white/black/cool gray with infrared was chosen to magnify the thickness of the only real air cushion. The higher featured Duromesh, artificial felt and artificial leather-based. Nike specifically designed a pair of Nike Air Max 90s for President George H.W. Bush. Pictures of the personalized sneakers have been seen across the Division of Nike Archives, and have AIR PRES branding together with what seems to be a novel colorway.[citation needed]

Air Max 180[edit]

Launched in 1991, the Air Max 180 featured a bigger air unit seen by the outsole. The know-how was later used within the Air Pressure 180 sneaker.[3]

Air Max 93[edit]

Launched in 1993 because the Air Max 270, the Air Max 93 launched a 270-degree air unit and coloured air models to the vary. Nike employed a brand new manufacturing processes to offer the bigger and extra uncovered air unit higher safety. The higher featured a extra sock-like match derived from 1991’s Air Huarache sneaker.[4]

Air Max 95[edit]

The visible design of the Air Max 95 was created by Sergio Lozano, who primarily based the design of the Air Max 95 on the human anatomy, with the backbone of the shoe resembling the human backbone and the supplies meant to signify pores and skin, ribs, and tendons.[5] The Air Max 95 was the primary pair within the line to make the most of two air cushions within the forefoot and used air strain know-how to suit the curvature of the wearer’s forefoot.[6] The primary colorway was black, neon yellow and white. Neon yellow was used to emphasise the a number of air models. The shoe additionally launched a smaller Nike swoosh minimized within the rear facet panel. Authentic releases featured a “25 PSI” air strain studying on the rear air unit. Uppers additionally featured 3M Scotchlite materials.[7]

The product was referenced within the hip hop tune “Hate It or Love It” by The Sport, which was a worldwide high 10 hit in 2005. Additionally referenced by rappers Gucci Mane within the hit single “Bricks” and Waka Flocka Flame on the observe “Head First” in his 2009 mixtape, “Lebron Flocka James”. The rapper Eminem designed a limited-edition vary of Air Maxes bought for charity.[8]

Air Max 97[edit]

1997’s Air Max 97 was impressed by high-speed Japanese bullet trains.[9] It was launched with a sleeker, metallic silver colorway that contained an almost full-length seen air unit. Uppers function three reflective traces made from 3M Scotchlite materials.

The Nike Air Max 97 is a Nike operating shoe designed by Christian Tresser. It was impressed by Japan’s high-speed Bullet Trains and options a mixture of leather-based, foam, and full-length seen Air. The unique “Silver Bullet” colorway launched once more within the US on April 13th, 2017 for $160. Over 13 new colorways are hitting retailers beginning August 1st, 2017.

A number of the colorways are Khaki, White/Purple, Tea Berry, Metallic Silver, B-sides Pack, Guava Ice, True Brown, Pittsburgh Steelers, Phantom, Purple/White/Blue, Simply Do It, Elemental Pink, Desert and Sky, Luxurious Tan, Ocean Bliss, Midnight Navy, Tartan, Mustard, and Metallic Gold.

Air Max Plus Tuned[edit]

Launched in 1998, the Air Max Plus launched Nike’s Tuned Air system.[10] It’s also known as the Air Max TN. Designed by Sean McDowell, the Air Max Plus featured transverse waves impressed by palm timber, and a outstanding arch shank impressed by a whale tail. The preliminary launch featured a “Hyper Blue” colorway, characterised by a fading blue airbrush impact. The Nike swoosh had a barely irregular look as a border was added alongside the inside edge, versus the outer floor.[11]

Air Max 360[edit]

On January 21, 2006 Nike launched the Air Max 360, a brand new shoe design that utilized Max Air all through the shoe’s midsole. In September 2006 Nike launched a particular ‘one time solely pack’ which fused the 360 mannequin with three classics. The three sneakers used had been the Air Max 90, Air Max 95, and Air Max 97. For this particular launch, the design of the 360 sole was used rather than the traditional sole of the three classics. The sneakers had been launched within the three unique colours: purple for the Air Max 90, inexperienced/yellow for the Air Max 95, and gray/silver for the Air Max 97. Like different Air Max releases, deluxe editions had been additionally produced. These deluxe editions lasted for about 500 miles (800 km) earlier than their shock-absorbing properties deteriorated. The usage of ‘360’ of air cushioning is supposed to make sure the shoe’s longevity.

Air VaporMax[edit]

The Air VaporMax launched in March 2017, and was the primary Air Max shoe to make use of no foam or rubber in anyway within the midsole or outsole.[12] It discarded a conventional midsole/outsole design and in place used a number of totally hole air pouches, not related to 1 one other and positioned in numerous areas in accordance with the place the wearer’s foot would naturally strike. The VaporMax sole itself has not been considerably innovated upon since its preliminary launch, however unique sneakers utilizing the only real design proceed to be launched, together with a number of “hybrids” which fuse a VaporMax sole with the higher design of an older Air Max shoe such because the Air Max 95, 97, and 360.

Air Max 270[edit]

The shoe was initially launched on February 1, 2018. It was named “270” for the 270 levels of visibility within the Air unit across the shoe, and was impressed by the Air Max 93 and 180 sneakers.[13] It was the primary Air Max shoe to be designed for way of life functions moderately than operating.[13] It additionally was the tallest Air unit to ever be launched on the time, measuring 32 mm tall.[13]

Air Max 720[edit]

One 12 months after the Air Max 270, Nike debuted their second Air unit to be designed for way of life functions with the Air Max 720. Versus the heel-only 270 Air unit, the 720 Air unit extends beneath the forefoot, and can be taller than the 270 by 6mm. New colorways of the Air Max 720 and extra designs primarily based on its Air unit, together with the basketball-inspired Air Max 720 SATRN and a hybrid primarily based on the retro Air Extra Uptempo, proceed to be launched.


The sneakers had been initially marketed in 1987 with a TV marketing campaign that used the Beatles’ tune “Revolution”, the primary time a Beatles tune had been utilized in a TV industrial.[14] The next 12 months, Nike used the Simply Do It slogan.[15] They had been additionally endorsed by Bo Jackson in alternate for a $100,000 charge, with promoting company Wieden and Kennedy arising with the slogan “Bo is aware of…”.[16]Tom Holland wears white and blue Air Max 1 whereas portraying Peter Parker / Spider-Man within the 2019 movie Spider-Man: Far From House.

Mannequin historical past[edit]

Air Max fashions launched embrace:

  • Air Max (generally generally known as Air Max 1) – 1987
  • Air Stab – 1988
  • Air Max II (generally generally known as Air Max Mild) – 1989
  • Air Max III (generally generally known as Air Max 90) – 1990
  • Air Max IV (Air Max BW, Air Max Traditional or Air Traditional BW) – 1991
  • Air Construction Triax 91 – 1991
  • Air 180 (now generally known as Air Max 180) – 1991
  • Air Max ST – 1992
  • Air Tailwind 92 – 1992
  • Air Max 93 (also referred to as Air Max 270) – 1993
  • Air Max 94 – 1994
  • Air Max 2 – 1994
  • Air Max 2 Mild – 1994
  • Air Max 2 Charles Barkley 34 (generally generally known as Air Max CB 34) – 1994
  • Air Max 2 Charles Barkley 94 (generally generally known as Air Max CB 94) – 1994
  • Air Max Triax 94 – 1994
  • Air Max Mild 2 – 1994
  • Air Whole Max (generally generally known as Air Max 95) – 1995
  • Air Max Racer – 1995
  • Air Max 96 – 1996
  • Air Max 96 II
  • Air Max Tailwind II – 1996
  • Air Max 97 – 1997
  • Air Max 98 – 1998
  • Air Max 98 TL – 1998
  • Air Max 99 – 1999
  • Air Max Pillar
  • Air Max Posterize SL
  • Air Max Tailwind III – 1998
  • Air Max Plus Tuned – 1998
  • Air Max Plus Tuned II – 1999
  • Air Max Tuned – 1999
  • Air Max Tuned Precision – 1999
  • Air Max Deluxe – 1999
  • Air Max Tailwind IV – 1999
  • Air Max 120
  • Air Max 2000 – 2000
  • Air Max Metallic – 2000
  • Air Max Alesco – 2000
  • Air Max Worldwide – 2000
  • Air Max Metallic IV – 2000
  • Air Max Plus Tuned III – 2000
  • Air Max Tailwind V – 2000
  • Air Max Tailwind VI – 2001
  • Air Max Specter – 2001
  • Air Max A number of – 2002
  • Air Max Ltd – 2002
  • Air Max Elite R – 2003
  • Air Max 2003
  • Air Max 2004
  • Air Max Destined – 2006
  • Air Max 360 – 2006
  • Air Max 180 – 2006
  • Air Max 360 – 2007
  • Air Max 180 II – 2008
  • Air Max Elite
  • Air Max 180 III – 2008
  • Air Max T-Zone – 2009
  • Air Max Skyline
  • Air Max 2009
  • Air Max 90 Present – 2009 (redesign of the Air Max 90, incl. toe field)
  • Air Maxim – 2009 (redesign of the Air Max 1, that includes Flywire or torch supplies)
  • Air Max BW Gen II – 2010 (redesign of the Air Max BW, that includes torch materials)
  • Air Max 2010
  • Air Max Tailwind+ 2
  • Air Max Coach 1
  • Air Max Coach 1+ (with Flywire, toe strap, and 360 Air Max Expertise)
  • Air Max Turbulence – 2010
  • Air Max 2011
  • Air Max Command
  • Air Max 24/7
  • Air Max+ 2012
  • Air Max+ 2013
  • Air Max Defy Run
  • Air Max Minot
  • Air Max Movement
  • Air Max+ 2014
  • Air Max Direct
  • Flyknit Air Max
  • Air Max Zero
  • Air Max Prime
  • Air Max Tavas
  • Air Max+ 2015
  • Fingertrap Max
  • Air Max+ 2016
  • Air Max+ 2017
  • Air Max invigor
  • Air Max 95
  • Air Max Torch IV
  • Air Max 97 OG[17]
  • Air Max 270
  • Air Max 720
  • Air Max Axis
  • Air Max 2090 (Nov 2020)

The 1993 mannequin was the primary to have the totally seen heel Air unit that was seen within the again in addition to on the perimeters, and the 1995 mannequin was the primary to function seen forefoot Air. The 1997 mannequin was the primary to incorporate a full-length Air bag.



  1. ^ Reidy, Tess (December 14, 2013). “Nike’s iconic Air Max coach celebrates 25th anniversary with Tinker Hatfield”. The Guardian (UK). Retrieved December 23, 2013.
  2. ^ Lev, Michael A. (November 17, 1996). “Air Max Searching’ Shocks Japan — Holdups, Beatings Blamed On Mania For Used Sneakers”. The Seattle Occasions. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
  3. ^ Kinds, Unorthodox (2005). Sneakers: The Full Collectors Information. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0500512159.
  4. ^ Kinds, Unorthodox (2005). Sneakers: The Full Collectors Information. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0500512159.
  5. ^ Cult Edge – Nike Air Max 95 Colorway Information
  6. ^
  7. ^ Kinds, Unorthodox (2005). Sneakers: The Full Collectors Information. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0500512159.
  8. ^ “Individuals: Eminem, Gong Li, Keith Richards – Arts & Leisure – Worldwide Herald Tribune”. New York Occasions. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
  9. ^ Kinds, Unorthodox (2005). Sneakers: The Full Collectors Information. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0500512159.
  10. ^ Kinds, Unorthodox (2005). Sneakers: The Full Collectors Information. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0500512159.
  11. ^
  12. ^ A Temporary Historical past Of The Nike Air Max Sequence, Advanced. 《[1]》, MAR 23, 2017.
  13. ^ a b c “Eight Issues You Ought to Know Concerning the Nike Air Max 270”. Good Kicks. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
  14. ^ Wong, Glenn M (2012). The Complete Information to Careers in Sports activities. Jones & Bartlett. p. 232. ISBN 9781449602031.
  15. ^ Carbasho, Tracy (2010). Nike. ABC-CLIO. p. 15. ISBN 9781598843439.
  16. ^ Cashmore, Ellis; Ernest Cashmore (2010). Making Sense of Sports activities. Taylor & Francis. p. 423. ISBN 9780415552202.
  17. ^ [2] Air Max 97 OG Relaunch

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